This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/art/swing-music, Mibba Creative Writing - The History of Swing Music. Rock music hitmakers like Fats Domino, Jerry Lee Lewis, Chuck Berry, Gene Vincent and Elvis Presley included swing-era standards in their repertoire. Some swing bandleaders saw opportunities in the Dixieland revival. Small band swing was recorded for small specialty labels not affected by the ban. The name came from the emphasis on the off–beat, or weaker pulse. Swing-era repertoire included the Great American Songbook of Tin Pan Alley standards, band originals, traditional jazz tunes such as the “King Porter Stomp”, with which the Goodman orchestra had a smash hit, and blues. Although the swing era is what we commonly think of for swing music, many current artists have carried the torch including Christina Aguilera, Cherry Poppin Daddies and Brian Setzer Orchestra. Swing, in music, both the rhythmic impetus of jazz music and a specific jazz idiom prominent between about 1935 and the mid-1940s—years sometimes called the swing era. Kirchner, Bill, ed. Vocalist Peggy Lee joined the Goodman Orchestra in 1941 for a two-year stint, quickly becoming its star attraction on its biggest hits. [citation needed]. It was on earlier on the West Coast and developed the audience that later led to Goodman's Palomar Ballroom triumph. His approaches to rhythm and phrasing were also free and daring, exploring ideas that would define swing playing. Some of the more commercial big bands catered to more "sweet" sensibilities with string sections. For more examples of swing era songs, please visit our best of the 1940s song list. His approach to rhythm often used accents on the lead-in instead of the main beat, and mixed meters, to build a sense of anticipation to the rhythm and make his playing swing. The swing era influenced clothing styles, retail … Benny Goodman, American jazz musician and bandleader and a renowned 20th-century clarinet virtuoso. Audiences used to traditional "sweet" arrangements, such as those offered by Guy Lombardo, Sammy Kaye, Kay Kyser and Shep Fields, were taken aback by the rambunctiousness of swing music. "Sweet" dance music remained most popular with white audiences but the Casa Loma Orchestra and the Benny Goodman Orchestra went against that grain, targeting the new swing style to younger audiences. Although they originated in different continents, similarities have often been noted between gypsy swing and Western swing]l, leading to various fusions. Other big jazz bands that drove the 1950s–60s revival include those led by Thad Jones, Mel Lewis, Quincy Jones, and Oliver Nelson. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Goodman’s early (1934–35) recordings—“Bugle Call Rag,” “Music Hall Rag,” “King Porter Stomp,” and “Blue Moon” among them—began to attract notice at about the time his band was hired for a spot on the national radio program, …that officially ushered in the swing era, with Goodman soon being hailed as the “King of. Miller's trademark clarinet-led reed section was decidedly "sweet," but the Miller catalog had no shortage of bouncy, medium-tempo dance tunes and some up-tempo tunes such as Mission to Moscow and the Lionel Hampton composition “Flying Home”. A popular device was the riff, a simple musical phrase reiterated by a band or by a section in counterpoint with other sections’ riffing until, by sheer power of repetition, it became almost hypnotic. 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